Science Based Facts You Need To Know About CBD
CBD has become the natural health supplement phenomenon everyone is talking about these days. People have been using CBD for headaches, sleep, pain, muscle recovery, reduce stress and anxiety or to enhance their focus and motivation. But how well do you know CBD?
So this is a perfect chance for you to learn more. Here are some interesting scientific based facts you need to know about CBD.
By now we already know that CBD or Cannabidiol is one of the hundreds of cannabinoids which are chemical compounds found in the cannabis plant. But here's what you may not know: you will not directly find CBD from the cannabis plant, because CBD is a result of heating Cannabolic Acid (CBDa) and decarboxylating it.
Though CBD is well known for its ability to reduce pain, inflammation, sleep disorder, relief stress and anxiety, depression and chronic pain but there are clinical researches that highlights the potential for CBD to help treat Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, multiple sclerosis and researchers are looking at how CBD can help with cancer too.
A great plus point for CBD is that it does not make you feel "high." When you talk about cannabis you often will think about THC first. This is very logical as THC has been part of the mainstream cannabis scene longer than CBD has. We know that THC has psychoactive properties which cause you to feel high and alters your cognitive functions. THC binds with the CB1 and CB2 receptors causing a slow down in mental and bodily captivity while CBD on the other hand does not have any psychoactive properties. You can use CBD and continue with your daily activities worry free.
CBD interacts with CB1 and CB2 receptors to enhance essential functions in your body. Researchers have found out that CBD once ingested to your body it interacts with the Endocannabinoid System which is a sophisticated network of receptors and enzymes that run all over your body. The endocannabinoid system is responsible for regulating important functions like pain sensation, inflammation, mood, behavior, learning, appetite and sleep. CB1 and CB2 are the two main receptors in the endocannabinoid system. CB1 is located in the brain and central nervous system and is essential to regulating depression, fear, anxiety, stress, paranoia and at the same time it can regulate Inflammation and blood pressure. CB2 is found in the immune system cells, gastrointestinal tract and peripheral nervous system. They can play a major role in Alzheimer's disease by decreasing the beta-amyloid protein.
Researchers have found that animals have an endocannabinoid system and CBD can interact with them just as they do with humans.
There is no evidence that points out that it is possible to overdose on CBD. A research published in 2017 suggested that humans can tolerate CBD upto 1,500 milligrams per day. But this does not mean you should take that much per day. It's best to start with low dosage and increase the amount needed. You also have to be aware of the fact that CBD also comes with side effects like dry mouth, drowsiness, diarrhea or changes in appetite. Using too much CBD can cause diarrhea therefore it's best to consume everything moderately and responsibly.
Leading world health and medical organization World Health Organisation (WHO) and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has deemed CBD to be safe for consumption.
There are now approved pharmaceutical grade medications with CBD compounds known as Epidolex for treatment of seizures related to Lennox-Gastaut syndrome or Dravet syndrome in children. This will pave the way for more CBD-based medications and the use of CBD products as treatment for illnesses.
A reminder that a lot of CBD products available in the market often come with THC and other cannabinoids. Researchers have found that cannabinoids can also give you a buzz and help uplift your mood.
There are three types of CBD readily available: Full Spectrum CBD contains CBD, THC and other cannabinoids together with terpenes, flavonoids and fatty acids. Researchers have found that CBD is most effective when they include traces of THC and other cannabinoids to help create the "entourage effect" maximizing the effectiveness of CBD to your body. Broad Spectrum CBD is similar to full spectrum except it comes without THC. CBD Isolate like its name suggests that the CBD has been isolated and processed to include only the purest form of CBD.
Fact # 10
CBD and show up in the drug test. Tests for CBD do not happen, but what they are looking for is the amount of THC in your system. Traces of THC can show up in the drug test so to avoid complications it is best to choose products with only CBD like CBD Isolate.
Fact # 11
The world is opening up to CBD and has started legalizing CBD. In the U.S. CBD is legal as long as the level of THC does not exceed 0.3%. In Thailand it's 0.2% and in Europe it varies between 0.1 to 0.3%. It is advised to check each country's policy on CBD before you decide to travel with CBD.
Fact # 12
The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) has taken CBD out of the controlled substances allowing athletes to use CBD to enhance their health or treat injuries, but THC still remains in the banned substances. Athletes need to study the ingredients and make sure that the CBD product does not contain THC.
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Written by Vivek Roachthavilit
Special thanks to:
Medical News Today
Food and Drug Administration
Center For International Med